Start Time Overview Research

General Recommendations on Start Times and Overview Articles:


The Children’s National Medical Center’s Blueprint for Change Team. School Start Time Change: An In-Depth Examination of School Districts in the United States. April 2014.


Kyla L. Wahlstrom. Examining the Impact of Later High School Start Times on the Health and Academic Performance of High School Students: A Multi-Site Study. February 2014.


Paul Kelley and Clark Lee.  Later School Start Times in Adolescence: Time for Change. Education Commission of the United States. 2014.


Judith Owens, Darrel Drobnich, Allison Baylor, and Daniel Lewin. School Start Time Change: An In-Depth Examination of School Districts in the United States. Mind, Brain, and Education. December 2014;8(4):182-213.  


Judith Owens, Insufficient Sleep in Adolescents and Young Adults: An update on causes and consequences, American Academy of Pediatrics, Vol 134, No 3, September 2014   


A Wolfson and Carskadon, MA, A Survey of Factors Influencing High School Start Times, NASSP Bulletin, Vol 89, No 642, March 2005, p 47-66


Adolescent Sleep Needs and Patterns Research Report and Resource Guide, National Sleep Foundation, 2000


School Start Times for Adolescents, Pediatrics, September 2014, Vol 134, Issue 3